Equity is the first step to equality:
  • Meaning: It conveys the idea that achieving true equality often requires addressing existing disparities and providing additional support or resources to those who have been historically disadvantaged or marginalized. In other words, before reaching a state of equal treatment and opportunity for all, it is necessary to prioritize equity.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - women empowerment, Empowerment of SCs, STs and OBCs, Reservation, Polity (FRs, equality, DPSP, welfare state), inclusive growth and sustainable development etc.
Growing canvas of Bharat: 
  • Meaning: It refers to the ongoing development, expansion, and evolution of India's diverse cultural, social, economic, and geographical landscape.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – India’s growth in economic sector (from fragile five to top five), food security (from importer to exporter), space technology, international prowess of India etc.
ISRO: The epitome of India’s Naarishakti:
  • Meaning: It suggests that ISRO is a shining example of women's empowerment and their capability to excel in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) fields. It highlights the fact that women have played crucial roles in ISRO's endeavors and have contributed to its success, making it a symbol of women's power in India.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Women empowerment, Women in STEM, women’s role in space sector, ISRO and its achievement etc.
Fortifying India's cybersecurity ecosystem: 
  • Meaning: It means strengthening and enhancing the overall system and measures in place to protect India's digital infrastructure and data from cyber threats, attacks, and vulnerabilities. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Cyber security, Digital India, Data protection law in India, Emerging technologies and challenges and threats, etc.


Case study for engaging youths from drug to cricket:
  • Case: Sopore, J&K.
  • Step taken: Youths, who were falling prey to the menace of drugs, are now being hooked to and are relying on a cricket academy funded largely by locals.
Significant achievement of tele-manas in providing free counselling to mental health services:
  • Achievement: It has counselled more than 3lakhs people till date and currently provides counselling to more than 1,000 calls on daily basis.
  • Tele Mental Health Assistance and Networking Across States (Tele-MANAS) initiative: Launched in 2022, it aims to provide free tele-mental health services all over the country round the clock, particularly catering to people in remote or under-served areas. 


Gender gap in the world and in India:
  • As per the 17th edition of the Global Gender Gap Report of the World Economic Forum: 
  • At the current rate of progress, it will take 131 years to close the global gender gap; it is 149 years in populous South Asian countries including India.
  • India: India was ranked at 127 out of 146 countries in terms of gender parity, an improvement of eight places from 2022.
  • India’s neighborhood: The index ranked India’s neighbors Pakistan at 142, Bangladesh at 59, China at 107, Nepal at 116, Sri Lanka at 115 and Bhutan at 103.


Prime Minister’s speech:
  • On Women: The daughters of Bharat are not ready to accept anything less than rank 1. And this is the spirit of new Bharat. This is the strength of the new Bharat. 


  • Definition: Mercantilism was an economic system of trade that spanned the 16th century to the 18th century. It is a nationalist economic policy that is designed to maximize the exports and minimize the imports for an economy in order to maximize the accumulation of resources within the country and use those resources for one-sided trade and fulfilling national interests.
 Prompt Corrective Actions (PCA): 
  • Definition: The prompt corrective action (PCA) is a system that the reserve bank of India (RBI) imposes on banks showing signs of financial stress. The regulator considers banks as unsafe if they fail to meet the standards on certain financial metrics or parameters like capital adequacy ratio (CRAR), NPA, return on assests (ROA) and debt level.


Quote on Anger and Temper: The one who cannot restrain their anger will wish undone, what their temper and irritation prompted them to do”. –  HORACE
  • Meaning: The quote emphasizes the consequences of acting impulsively out of anger and irritation. 
  • It suggests that when someone allows their anger to dictate their actions without restraint, they may later regret what they have done. 
  • In other words, people who act in the heat of the moment due to their temper and irritation might wish they could undo their actions once they've had a chance to reflect.