output themes


The annals of climate change:
  • Meaning: It refers to the recorded history, scientific documentation, and observable data related to the ongoing and long-term shifts in global climate patterns. These annals encompass a wide range of information and events that contribute to our understanding of climate change.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions to refer – Industrialization, fossil fuels, deforestation, as annals of climate change. etc.
  • Other usage: Climate change, environmental degradation, Paris agreement, Climate justice etc.
People-centred, recovery-oriented and human rights-oriented care: 
  • Meaning: It is a concept in healthcare that emphasizes the importance of tailoring healthcare services to the unique needs and preferences of individuals while respecting their human rights. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Health – Aushman bharat, National Health policy, Sustainable development, Universal healthcare, Curative vs preventive healthcare etc.
Modern women are not “abla” but “sabla”, i.e., not helpless but powerful:
  • Meaning: This keyword/term is a declaration emphasizing the strength, empowerment, and independence of contemporary women. It asserts that contemporary women are not defined by traditional stereotypes of helplessness or dependency but are, in fact, strong, capable, and empowered individuals who can take charge of their own destinies. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Women empowerment – in family, society, political and economic sphere, Women Act, 2023, Society questions – patriarchal society, Women labour force participation, women as agent of change, etc.
Ensure food from farm to plate: 
  • Meaning: It expresses the idea of establishing a comprehensive and reliable system to guarantee the safe and efficient journey of food products from their production on farms to their consumption by individuals.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - Agriculture and its agriculture productivity, food security, PDS and MSP system, Poverty and hunger, Scientific developments in agric. and their implementation etc.


India’s growing presence in Africa:
  • Step taken: India and Tanzania elevated bilateral ties to a strategic partnership as PM of India hosted the President of the African country and the first head of state to visit India from the continent after the African Union became a member of the G20 at the summit.
  • The two countries also signed six agreements and agreed to a five-year roadmap for defence cooperation.


Key facts related to media and their regulation:
  • India ranks 161 out of 180 countries in the World Press Freedom Index, which considers “legal interference” in journalism.
  • The Lokniti-CSDS-Common Cause ‘Status of Policing in India’ report shows that 47% believe that the police can access their phones without consent.
  • These provisions clash with the right to privacy and protection against self-incrimination, as stated in Part III and Article 20(3) of the Constitution. 
Key Facts related to mental health and employment in India:
  • As per International Labour Organization (ILO) says that 15% of working-age adults, globally, live with a mental disorder.
  • India’s informal workforce accounts for more than 90% of the working population
  • Gender disparities are stark, with over 95% of India’s working women engaged in informal, low-paying, and precarious employment.
  • The State of Inequality in India Report 2022 observes that the unemployment rate actually increases with educational levels, particularly for educated young women who show an unemployment rate of 42%.


President of India’s Speech:
  • On Justice: A society, irrespective of its prosperity, will cease to exist if it is devoid of justice. 
  • On women: Modern women are not “abla” but “sabla”, that is, not helpless but powerful. She added that we need not only women's development but women-led development.
  • On climate change:  Climate change is an existential threat and we need to act now, act fast and act swiftly. 


Supreme court on regulation of media:
  • ADM Jabalpur case: During an emergency proclamation, individuals could not challenge illegal detentions.
  • Justice K.S. Puttaswamy case: It recognised both the right to privacy and expressly repudiated ADM Jabalpur as a “discordant note”.


Gender pays gap:  
  • Definition: The gender pay gap or gender wage gap is the average difference between the remuneration for men and women who are working. 
  • There are two distinct numbers regarding the pay gap: non-adjusted versus adjusted pay gap. 
Two-state solution:
  • Definition: The two-state solution refers to a proposed resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which envisions the establishment of two separate and independent states in the historic region of Palestine: one for Israel and one for the Palestinians.


Quote on Economic Empowerment of Women: When money flows into the hands of women, who have the authority to use it, everything changes - for women, their families, and their communities”. –  Melinda Gates
  • Meaning: The quote highlights the transformative power of economic empowerment for women. 
  • It not only improves their own lives but also has a ripple effect, leading to positive changes in the well-being and development of their families and communities. 
  • It underscores the importance of promoting gender equality and women's economic empowerment as key drivers of social and economic progress.
output themes