Seeds for Growth:
  • Meaning: Although the keyword is used to reflect seeds in agricultural sector it can be used to signify importance of anything which is essential for the growth either for individual, institution or the nation as a whole.
  • Usage: It can be used as: Essential seeds of growth - urbanization, women empowerment, infrastructure, manufacturing, stable government, soft touch policies or rules. Education and skill etc.
Creating feedback loop (DNT-Dialogue negotiation action) in governance: 
  • Meaning: It suggests a structured approach to decision-making and problem-solving that involves ongoing communication and collaboration among various stakeholders including citizens and civil society. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to - good governance, government policy formulation and implementation, citizens charter, Accountability and responsibility etc.
Making laws and regulations SARAL (Simple, Accessible, Rational & Actionable Law):
  • Meaning: Creating SARAL (Simple, Accessible, Rational & Actionable Law) laws and regulations is a noble goal aimed at making legal frameworks more understandable, usable, and effective for citizens. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – rationalization and reforms in laws, government rules and regulations in local languages and easy to understand, inclusiveness and people participation, citizen’s trust on government etc.
From one-nation federalism to Cooperative federalism: 
  • Meaning: It refers to a shift in the approach to governance and federal-state relations within a country. 
  • One-nation federalism: It is governed constitutionally as one single unit, with one constitutionally created legislature.
  • Cooperative federalism: It is the horizontal relationship between union and states and shows neither is above the other.
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to – Federalism (cooperative and competitive), center-state relation, regionalism, aspirational districts, river disputes, inter-state disparities, etc.
From Exclusive Nationalism to Inclusive Sub-nationalism:
  • Meaning: It reflects a shift in the way a country or region approaches identity, belonging, and governance. These reflects relationship between a centralized national identity and the recognition of diverse sub-national identities within a country. 
  • Usage: It can be used in questions related to Post-independence Consolidation and Reorganization within the country, Federalism (cooperative and competitive), center-state relation, regionalism, aspirational districts, etc.


Technological solution to eliminate manual scavenging:
  • Bandicoot: Removal of accumulated grit and deposits at bottom of a manhole.
  • Manhole de-gritting machines: It can be operated without need to enter inside a manhole and also set up an appropriate cleaning periodicity.
  • Others: Man-hole robots, JALODBUST is a mechanized scavenging system that removes faecal sludge from septic tanks.
  • The practice of manual scavenging was banned in India under the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 (PEMSR). 

Poverty reduction in India:
  • According to the UNDP:
  • More than 400 million people moved out of poverty between 2005-06 and 2019-21 and incidence of poverty declined from 55.1% to 16.4%. 
  • The Niti Aayog report tells us that the fastest reductions in poverty happened in UP, Bihar, MP, Odisha and Rajasthan (BIMARU states). 
Key achievement of Make in India initiative:
  • Due to Make in India Initiative, FDI equity in?ow in the manufacturing sector between 2014-2022 has increased by 57% over the previous 8 years i.e., 2006- 2014.
Key Facts about no-confidence motion:
  • 28: The number of no-confidence motions admitted in the Lower House.
  • 15: The highest number of no-confidence motions was against governments led by Indira Gandhi.
  • 1: The only time a no-confidence motion triggered the fall of a government. 
  • 3: The number of governments that fell during the motion of confidence, which is a motion brought by the government to prove its strength.

Vice President’s Speech: 
  • Quit India and relevance today: Quit India is even more relevant today in our Amrit Kaal, as this movement is an epitome of what people are capable of achieving, if they work in togetherness for a cause with determination and dedication.
  • It is an occasion for us to introspect, reflect on our moral contributions and rededicate with greater vigor to be in service of the nation, to realize the aspirations of the people at large and to secure a place of pride for Bharat in the comity of nations.

Bringing transparency and building trust in judiciary: 
  • The Parliamentary panel on personnel, public grievances and law and justice has recommended legislation mandating judges of the Supreme Court and high courts declare their assets annually. 
  • SC full bench resolved to declare assets – as done on a voluntary basis since 1997 – on the court’s website. However, the panel found the website updated only till March 2018.
  • Other recommendation: To replace court vacations with annual leaves for individual judges, may appear easier to comply with, yet is more complex, both in spirit and practice.

Asset Monetisation:  
  • Definition: Asset monetisation is the process of creating new sources of revenue for the government and its entities by unlocking the economic value of un-utilised or under-utilised public assets (roads, airports, railways, stations etc.).
  • Monetisation is different from ‘privatization or sale’, in fact, it signifies ‘structured partnerships’ with the private sector under certain contractual frameworks.
  • In India, the idea of asset monetisation was first suggested by a committee led by economist Vijay Kelkar in 2012 on the roadmap for fiscal consolidation. 
Direct Democracy:
  • Definition: Direct democracy also called pure democracy is a style of government where citizens are empowered to make decisions about policies and laws that impact them. In a direct democracy, citizens vote directly on policy proposals instead of voting for politicians to represent them in governments.
  • Examples of direct democracy: Referendum, Initiative and recall.

Quote on Health: Of all the forms of inequality, injustice in healthcare is the most shocking and inhuman”. - MARTIN LUTHER KING
  • Meaning: The quote underscores the belief that among various types of social inequality, the injustice and inhumanity related to disparities in healthcare are particularly striking and troubling.
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